Tohoku earthquake causes climate change

Tohoku earthquake causes climate change

Globally experts are warning about the long term impacts of environmental disasters. The Tohoku earthquake in 2011 at Japan is still affecting climate of the region. Though much of debris created by the earthquake is gone now but green house gases evolved during the earthquake are still in the atmosphere. These gases evolved by 9.0 capacity earthquake are harming the ozone layer.

The main sources of these gases are refrigerators, electrical equipment and insulation materials, which were present in the buildings damaged by the earthquake. In a research published in Geophysical Research Letters, researchers concluded that emissions of halocarbons on this scale are extraordinary.

Halocarbons are the gases which are harmful to ozone layer of the atmosphere. As per the data, the earthquake emitted around 6,600 metric tons of halocarbons.

The chemicals which were eradicated from the atmosphere through the efforts of the activists and the government are showing up again due to this earthquake. The American Geophysical Union has already released the list of phased out substances. A strong ozone destroyer chemical like CFC-11 is also on the list along with other chlorofluorocarbons like CFC-11. The chlorofluorocarbons along with hydrochlorofluorocarbons like HCFC-22 are major culprits in the destruction of the ozone layer. The both group members are also strong greenhouse gases and environmental organizations are about to get rid of both gases. The earthquake also introduced sulfur hexafluoride, another green house gas to the atmosphere.

The case of Tohoku earthquake has showed us that along with immediate effects of an earthquake there can be invisible effects like climate change, which we often ignore.

 

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