The program for the conservation of the environment has consistently focused on the preservation of the environment for decades. In this connection, the formation of the Sierra Club by John Muir in the 19th century is seen as the first step. Sierra Club went on to become the largest environmental group that ever existed in the US. He went on to lay the foundation stone of Yellowstone Park, the first national park in the world.
Conservation of the environment includes within itself such things like reforestation, recycling and pollution control. The anti-nuclear movement is the latest addition to the list of operations handled under environmental conservation. It focuses on the blatant use and abuse of nuclear technology and its detrimental effects on the environment.
Environmental relativism is another inclusive term. This refers to the strict opposition to the use of technology, use of pesticides for boosting production of crops and adding chemical like fluoride to water. Efforts are being made to arouse public attention to this aspect of life.
Opponents to the movement for environmental conservation are of the opinion that those professing to be working for environmental conservation are themselves working against it. The approach adopted to it is incorrect and should be altered. They themselves travel in flights and ships to reach far off destinations and in the process harm the environment by burning fossil fuel.
All said and done, some level of changes at the political and social level need to be done to protect the environment from further damage. It is the time that the whole world got together to do this.