A group of researchers have developed a process by which aviation biofuel could be obtained from sugarcane. This discovery can revolutionise the aviation and sugar industry by bringing down the emissions of carbon. At present, the aviation industry accounts for two percent of the greenhouse gas emissions. The biofuels are very effective, renewable and an alternative to the gasoline and diesel. It is very effective in meeting the challenge of being low in carbon. Jet fuels should be oxygen free and should have right boiling point and it should be lubricant. The fuel cannot become gelatinous in cold temperatures. The researchers at the Energy Biosciences Institute (EBI) have developed a new technique to meet all the challenges. The catalyst that has been developed is responsible for conversion of sugarcane into aviation fuel and lubricants that has cold flow properties to achieve the savings of greenhouse gas up to 80 percent.
In a report that was devised in 2014, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) pointed out that fall in the biofuels is an alternative to renewable jet fuels. The process at EBI is used for upgradation of alkyl methyl ketones that is derived from sugarcane biomass as it yields about 95 %. It then condenses into a new class of a class of cyloalkane that consists of a cyclohexane ring and a carbon atom. These can be used to produce jet fuel or automobile base oil. It has a significant advantage in biorefineries.